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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 56  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 91-97

Approach to headache in ophthalmic practice


R.K Eye Care Centre, Rasipuram, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. R Vasumathi
R.K Eye Care Centre, Rasipuram, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/tjosr.tjosr_54_18

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Headache is one of the most commonly experienced of all the physical discomforts. About half of the adults have a headache in a given year. Headaches can occur as a result of many conditions. Ophthalmologists are often the first physicians to evaluate patients with headaches, eye pain, and headache-associated visual disturbances. The evidence in the literature for a strong association between oculovisual problems and headache is weak. Still, patients who believe that appropriate ocular examination and treatment help to lessen their headache visit ophthalmologists very frequently. Although ophthalmic causes are sometimes diagnosed, eye pain and visual disturbances are often neurologic in origin. Many primary headache disorders have ophthalmic features, and secondary causes of headache frequently involve the visual system. Both afferent and efferent symptoms and signs are associated with headache disorders. Moreover, the frontal or retroorbital pain of some primary ophthalmic conditions may be mistaken for a headache disorder, particularly if the ophthalmologic examination is normal. This review summarizes the common causes of headache encountered in ophthalmic practice and the red flag signs which need referral to other specialists.


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