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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 56  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 155-157

A study of effect of intracameral use of preservative-free lignocaine (1%) for pupillary dilatation during phacoemulsification surgery


1 Department of Ophthalmology, AIIMS, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Dr. S.N. Medical College, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Pravda Chaturvedi
D/o Smt Vandana Chaubey, 04/3, E-block, Phase 1, Landmark Towers, Badalalpur, Chandmari, Varanasi - 221 007, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/tjosr.tjosr_72_18

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Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the effect of intracameral preservative-free lignocaine (1%) on the dilatation of pupil while doing phacoemulsification surgery. Materials and Methods: A prospective study carried out on 21 patients in a tertiary care hospital. The pupil diameter was measured just before instilling intracameral preservative-free lignocaine, after 1 min and 5 min, respectively. Any mydriatic was not used either before or during the surgery. Effects were compared between male and female patients and between light- and dark-colored irides patients. Results: The diameter of pupil after instillation of intracameral lignocaine was significantly higher. The effect was more pronounced in light-colored irides. There was no difference in the pupillary diameter between both the sexes. Conclusion: Intracameral preservative-free 1% lignocaine has a fast and effective mydriatic property and with more studies, can be used as a safe alternative to topical and intracameral mydriatic while phacoemulsification.


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