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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 56  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 244-246

Cerebral visual impairment


Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Yamini Patial
Number 41/Old Number 18, Sankara Nethralaya, College Road, Chennai - 600 006, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/tjosr.tjosr_108_18

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In developing countries like India, cerebral visual impairment (CVI) is becoming common cause of visual impairment due to better neonatal care and advancement in technology. CVI is characterized by visual malfunction due to the retrochiasmal and visual association pathway pathology. The visual malfunction can present in any combination and any severity in the setting of developing brain functions. Higher centers damage may lead to cognitive dysfunction. Most common cause of CVI is hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, due to reduced blood flow in immature brain blood vessels in watershed zones. Early identification of impairment and early intervention help these children to achieve higher level of vision. Customized and integrated approach needed between ophthalmologist, paediatrician and other interventional professional. Counselling of parents also have very important role in the treatment.


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