• Users Online: 709
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 57  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 27-30

Prevalence of convergence insufficiency between 18 and 35 years and its relation to body mass index


Department of Ophthalmology, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth, Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Kirti Nath Jha
Department of Ophthalmology, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth, Puducherry - 607 402
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/tjosr.tjosr_11_19

Get Permissions

Background: Convergence insufficiency (CI) is a common condition characterized by patient's inability to maintain binocular alignment on objects as they approach from distance to near. One study has found association between low body mass index (BMI) and CI. The purpose of this study is to find the prevalence of CI and its association with BMI among patients aged 18–35 years. Subjects and Methods: In a prospective study, we recorded convergence among individuals aged 18–35 years. We defined CI as near point of convergence of >10 cm, exophoria greater for near than distance, and positive fusional vergence of <18 ΔD. The prevalence of CI was expressed as percentage of the population. BMI was calculated. We calculated the association between CI and BMI by Chi-square test. P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: We studied 142 individuals (male: 61 and female: 81). CI was noted in 27.5% of population; 53.84% of these were symptomatic as per symptom survey questionnaire. The average BMI of the study population was 23.78 ± 4.68. No association was found between BMI and CI (P = 0.773). Conclusions: Among 18–35 years of age, 27.5% of individuals exhibited CI. CI and BMI did not show any association.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed172    
    Printed18    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded26    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal