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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 57  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 122-127

A study on evaluation of eyelid trauma in a tertiary care center


1 Department of Ophthalmology, Regional Institute of Ophthalmology and Government Ophthalmic Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Regional Institute of Ophthalmology, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Malarvizhi Raman
Department of Orbit and Oculoplasty, Regional Institute of Ophthalmology and Government Ophthalmic Institute, Egmore, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/tjosr.tjosr_28_19

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Aim: This study aims to evaluate traumatic eyelid injuries and assess functional outcome following treatment. Materials and Methods: A prospective study of 30 cases of lid injury was conducted at Orbit and Oculoplasty Department, Regional Institute of Ophthalmology and Government Ophthalmic Institute, Egmore, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, for 12 months from February 01, 2017, to February 01, 2018. Data collected were entered into Excel Spreadsheet and analyzed using STATA statistical software package release 11. Results: The incidence of lid injuries was more in males (63%) compared to females (37%). The most common mode of injury of the eyelid was accidental fall (36.7%) and assault (23.3%). Majority of the cases presented within 6 h of injury. Full-thickness involvement was seen in 20 patients (66.7%). Involvement of the eyelid margin was seen in 18 patients (60%) and was managed by three-layer margin suturing canalicular involvement in 8 cases (26.7%) underwent monocanalicular stent placement. About 40% of patients complained of epiphora and were not satisfied with cosmetic results. Conclusion: This study reveals that young adult males, most of whom were workers, were more prone to eyelid injuries. Timely meticulous management of the eyelid injury with minimal debridement of the wound and tension-free suturing gives better cosmetic outcome. Epiphora, notching of lid margin, or ectropion was the most common complication postoperatively.


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