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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 59  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 38-51

Current concepts and future trends in dry eye syndrome – A review of literature

1 Department of Cornea, Aravind Eye Hospital, Puducherry, India
2 Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Squint, Aravind Eye Hospital, Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Kirandeep Kaur
Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Squint, Aravind Eye Hospital, Puducherry - 605 007
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/tjosr.tjosr_108_20

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Keratoconjunctivitis sicca, also known as dry eye (DE), is an extremely common and often unrecognized pathological entity. It is characterized by decreased tear production or increased evaporation and manifests with a wide spectrum of signs and symptoms. Due to multifactorial and elusive etiology, it is often a challenge to treat DE syndrome. Ocular surface disorders are also clinically very important to manage especially in terms of visual acuity. A comprehensive understanding of the pathophysiology and etiology of DE disease (DED) leads to more meticulous management and treatment of the pathological process. The present review article after detailed literature review aims to provide information on the definition, epidemiology, classification, causes, diagnostic tests, and medical and surgical management and futures trends of DED.

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